카테고리 보관물: Level 2a

-어도/아도/여도 되다

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When this grammar pattern is used with a verb, it means giving a permission to do something. When it’s used with an adjective, it shows a sufficient condition. The question form of ‘-어도/아도/여도 돼요?’ can be used.

● 여기에 앉아도 돼요? (Can I sit here?)
● 좀 늦어도 됩니다. (You may be a bit late.)

-으면/면 안 되다

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This grammar pattern is used to prohibit or restrict the permission. When it’s used with an adjective, it shows a condition of limitation.

● 죄송하지만 여기에 주차하시면 안 됩니다. (I’m sorry, but you shouldn’t park your car here.)
● 운전하는 동안 전화를 하면 안 됩니다. (You shouldn’t make a call while driving.)
● 집이 너무 작으면 안 됩니다. (My house shouldn’t be too small.)

-어/아/여 봤다

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This grammar pattern is used with a verb to show experience. It is used with the past tense, and the experience usually doesn’t happened by chance.

● 저는 1년 전에 제주도에 가 봤어요. (I’ve been to Jeju Island last year.)
● 이거 먹어 봤어요? (Have you ever eaten this?)

-은데/ㄴ데, -는데, -인데 (2)

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This grammar pattern is used with a verb to show some background of the second clause. Also, the contents before ‘-는데, -은데/ㄴ데, -인데’ draw out the attention to what comes after the discourse.

● 이 분은 우리 선생님인데 친절한 분이세요. (This is my teacher, and she is kind.)
● 이 가방은 지난주에 샀는데 아주 마음에 들어요. (I bought this bag last week, and I like it.)

-기는 하지만

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This grammar pattern is used to support the positive statement in the first clause but it describes the opposite statement in the second clause. The subject in the first clause and the second clause is usually the same.

● 제 집은 편하기는 하지만 회사에서 좀 멀어요. (My house is convenient, but it’s a little far from the company.)
● 저는 수영을 배우기는 했지만 잘 못해요. (I learnt swimming, but I cannot swim well.)

-을까/ㄹ까 하다

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This grammar pattern is used to show an intention or plan of the speaker. It also shows that the speakers intention or plan is still under consideration and can change.

● 일본어를 배울까 해요. (I am thinking of learning Japanese.)
● 내일은 청바지를 입을까 해요. (I am thinking of wearing blue jeans tomorrow.)

-으니까/니까

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This grammar pattern is used to show the discovery or realization of someone after the action has happened. It is used at the end of a verb, and the subject in the first clause is a first person, while the subject in the second clause is usually a third person.

● 밖을 보니까 비가 오고 있었어요. (When I looked outside, it was raining.)
● 셔츠를 입어 보니까 좀 작았어요. (When I wore the shirts, it was a little small.)

-었으면/았으면/였으면 좋겠다

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This grammar pattern is used to express desire, hope, or wish. This is literally translated to ‘If (verb), then it would be nice/good/great’.

● 시험이 쉬웠으면 좋겠어요. (I hope the test is easy.)
● 한국말을 잘했으면 좋겠어요. (I wish I could speak Korean well.)

-기로 하다

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This grammar pattern is used to express a promise or decision to yourself or to another. It is added directly to the verb stem, regardless of whether the verb stem ends in a vowel or a consonant. This form indicates a decision or a plan and is usually expressed in the past tense(-기로 했다).

● 저는 담배를 끊기로 했어요. (I decided to quit smoking.)
● 우리는 이번 주말에 여행을 가기로 했어요. (We decided to go on a trip on this weekend.)

-게

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This grammar pattern is an adverbial particle that expresses the manner or degree of an action. It is attached to an adjective.

● 크게 말해 주세요. (Please speak loudly.)
● 아이가 예쁘게 노래를 불렀어요. (A child sang beautifully.)