한국어 접사 목록

  1. ‘-감’ is for ‘some emotion/sense’. Ex) 친근감(sense of closeness), 책임감(sense of responsibility), 상실감(sense of loss).
  2. ‘-감’ means ‘a material’ or ‘a suitable person’. Ex) 옷감(dress material), 장난감(toy), 신랑감(a suitable man for a groom).
  3. ‘-개’ means ‘tool’. Ex) 지우개(eraser), 병따개(bottle opner), 베개(pillow).
  4. ‘고-‘ means ‘high’. Ex) 고급(high quality), 고등학교(high school), 고속도로(expressway).
  5. ‘-관’ is for some buildings or institutions. Ex) 도서관(library), 영화관(movie theater), 대사관(embassy).
  6. ‘-교’ means ‘religion’. Ex) 기독교(Christianity), 불교(Buddhism), 천주교(Catholic).
  7. ‘-구’ is for sports that is played with a ball. ex) 축구(soccer), 야구(baseball), 농구(basketball).
  8. ‘-국’ is for some countries’ name. ex) 한국(Korea), 중국(China), 영국(England).
  9. ‘-기’ is for a machine. ex) 자판기(bending machine), 세탁기(washing machine), 비행기(airplane).
  10. ‘-기’ means ‘certain period of time’. Ex) 사춘기(puberty), 상반기(the first half), 학기(semester).
  11. ‘-꾸러기’ is ‘a person who does something too much’, ‘an overindulger’. Ex) 잠꾸러기(sleep head), 말썽꾸러기(trouble maker).
  12. ‘-님’ is a honorific title. ex) 선생님(teacher), 손님(customer), 부모님(parents).
  13. ‘대-‘ means ‘big’. Ex) 대학교(university), 대기업(major company), 대문(main gate).
  14. ‘-력’ means ‘power to do something’. Ex) 실력(ability), 집중력(concentration), 시력(sight).
  15. ‘-료’ is for ‘fee’. Ex) 입장료(entrance fee), 무료(free), 수업료(tuition).
  16. ‘맏-‘ means ‘first (usually in a family)’. ex) 맏아들(the firstborn son), 맏며느리(the eldest daughter-in-law).
  17. ‘매-‘ means ‘every’. ex) 매년(every year), 매일(everyday).
  18. ‘맨-‘ means ‘naked, nothing but’. ex) 맨발(barefoot), 맨손(bare hands), 맨눈(naked eyes).
  19. ‘무-‘ means ’empty, ~less’. ex) 무관심하다(careless), 무책임하다(irresponsible).
  20. ‘-복’ means ‘clothe’. Ex) 수영복(swim suit), 교복(school uniform), 한복(Korean traditional costume).
  21. ‘부-‘ means ‘not/no’. Ex) 부족하다(lack).
  22. ‘불-‘ means ‘not/no’. Ex) 불가능하다(impossible), 불편하다(uncomfortable), 불규칙적이다(irregular).
  23. ‘-비’ means ‘cost’. Ex) 하숙비(boarding expenses), 생활비(living expenses), 교통비(transportation costs).
  24. ‘-사’ is for ‘a (professional) job’. Ex) 변호사(lawyer), 의사(doctor), 교사(teacher).
  25. ‘-사’ means ‘company’. Ex) 출판사(publishing company), 여행사(travel company, 신문사(newspaper company)
  26. ‘생-‘ means ‘raw’ or ‘alive’. Ex) 생방송(live broadcast), 생고기(raw meat).
  27. ‘-식’ is for a ceremony. ex) 결혼식(wedding ceremony), 졸업식(graduation ceremony), 장례식(funeral).
  28. ‘-실’ is for a room. ex) 화장실(bathroom), 사무실(office).
  29. ‘-심’ means ‘heart’ or ‘spirit’. Ex) 공포심(fear), 호기심(curiosity), 복수심(revengeful thoughts)
  30. ‘-어’ is for a language. ex) 한국어(Korean language), 일본어(Japanese language).
  31. ‘-어’ means ‘fish’. Ex) 상어(shark), 잉어(carp), 오징어(cuttlefish).
  32. ‘-원’ means ‘a member of …’. Ex) 회사원(companny worker), 국회의원(Congressperson), 승무원(flying attendant).
  33. ‘-원’ means ‘a public institution’. Ex) 병원(hospital), 고아원(orphanage), 유치원(kindergarden)
  34. ‘-율/률’ means ‘percentage’ or ‘ratio’. Ex) 성공률(rate of success), 경쟁률(competition rate), 할인율(discount rate).
  35. ‘-음/ㅁ’ change some verbs/adjectives into nouns. Ex) 춤(a dance), 꿈(a dream), 죽음(death).
  36. ‘-이’ changes measure adjectives into nouns. Ex) 높이(height), 넓이(width), 깊이(depth).
  37. ‘-인’ means ‘a person’. Ex) 외국인(foreigner), 군인(soldier), 애인(lover).
  38. ‘-자’ is for a person (who is skilled in). Ex) 과학자(scientist), 기자(report/journalist), 후보자(candidate).
  39. ‘-장’ means ‘a formal document’. Ex) 임명장(appoinment certificate), 청접장(wedding invitation), 상장(certificate of merit)
  40. ‘-장’ means ‘field’. Ex) 야구장(baseball park), 수영장(swimming pool), 운동장(schoolyard).
  41. ‘재-‘ means ‘again/repeat’. Ex) 재활용(recyling), 재작년(the year before last).
  42. ‘-쟁이’ is ‘-er’ or ‘a person who does/is….’. Ex) 수다쟁이(talkative person), 거짓말쟁이(liar), 점쟁이(fortune teller)
  43. ‘-절’ is for ‘national holiday’. Ex) 성탄절(Christmas), 광복절(independence day), 개천절(sky-opened day)
  44. ‘-점’ is for ‘a store’. Ex) 서점(book store), 편의점(convenient store), 백화점(department store)
  45. ‘-제’ means ‘medicine.’ ex) 소화제(digestive medicine), 수면제(sleeping pill), 마취제(anesthetic drugs)
  46. ‘-증’ means ‘license’ or ‘certificate’. Ex) 운전면허증(driver’s license), 학생증(student ID card), 신분증(ID card).
  47. ‘-증’ means ‘symptom’. Ex) 불면증(insomnia), 우울증(depression), 거식증(anorexia).
  48. ‘-지’ means ‘paper’. Ex) 포장지(wrapping paper), 화장지(toilet paper), 시험지(test paper).
  49. ‘-질’ is for ‘some act that you’re looking down on’ or ‘some repeated act’. Ex) 도둑질(stealing), 양치질(rinsing the mouth), 톱질(sawing).
  50. ‘-치’ is for ‘fish’. Ex) 멸치(anchovy), 갈치(hairtail), 꽁치(mackerel pike).
  51. ‘-품’ means ‘product’, ‘goods’. Ex) 화장품(cosmetics), 기념품(souvenir), 골동품(antique)
  52. ‘-학’ is for some fields of study. ex) 철학(philosophy), 심리학(psychology), 물리학(physics).
  53. ‘한-‘ means ‘mid-‘. ex) 한여름(midsummer), 한밤(midnight).
  54. ‘-형’ means ‘type’ or ‘form’. Ex) 최신형(the latest model), 이상형(ideal type).
  55. ‘-화’ is for ‘shoe’. Ex) 운동화(gym shoe), 등산화(hiking boots), 실내화(house shoe)
  56. ‘-화’ meams ‘-ize’. Ex) 자동화(automate), 특화(specialize), 상업화(commercialize)
  57. ‘-기’ changes verbs to nouns. Ex) 듣기(listening), 보기(seeing/example), 걷기(walking)
  58. ‘-주의’ means ‘a principle/a doctrine/a belief’. Ex) 민주주의(Democracy), 자본주의(capitalism), 허무주의(nihilism).
  59. ‘-치’ means ‘clumsy, foolish’. Ex) 음치(tone-deaf), 몸치(clumsy-dancer), 길치(a person who has no sense of direction)
  60. ‘-씨’ means ‘appearance/image’. Ex) 마음씨(a nature/a temper), 날씨(weather), 글씨(handwriting).
  61. ‘-도’ means ‘island’. Ex) 제주도(Je-ju island), 강화도(Kang-hwa island), 울릉도(Ul-reung island).
  62. ‘-도’ means ‘degree’. Ex) 각도(angle), 온도(temperature), 습도(humidity).
  63. ‘-과’ means ‘department’. Ex) 철학과(the philosophy department of a univeristy), 인사과(the personnel section of a company).
  64. ‘-해’ means ‘sea’. Ex) 지중해(the Mediterranean Sea), 카리브해(the Caribbean Sea), 동해(the East Sea)
  65. ‘-적’ is like ‘-tic/-al/-fic…’. Ex) 예술적(artistic), 과학적(scientific), 국제적(international).
  66. ‘-회’ means ‘meeting’. Ex) 동문회(an alumni association), 토론회(debate/forum), 학회(society).
  67. ‘-양’ means ‘ocean’. Ex) 태평양(the Pacific Ocean), 인도양(the Indian Ocean), 대서양(the Atlantic Ocean)
  68. ‘-성’ means ‘star’. Ex) 금성(the Venus), 화성(the Mars), 혜성(comet).
  69. ‘-기’ changes measure adjectives into nouns. Ex) 크기(size), 밝기(brightness), 세기(intensity).
  70. ‘-석’ means ‘seat’. Ex) 공석(vacant seat), 예약석(reserved seat), 운전석(driver’s seat).
  71. ‘-권’ means ‘right/power’. Ex) 저작권(copyright), 투표권(the right to vote), 입법권(legislative power).
  72. ‘-민’ means ‘people’. Ex) 수재민(flood victims), 원주민(the natives), 실향민(displaced people).
  73. ‘-제’ means ‘system/scheme’. Ex) 대통령제(the presidential system), 지방자치제(a local self-governing system), 연방제(federal system).
  74. ‘-관’ means ‘officer’. Ex) 경찰관(police officer), 외교관(diplomat), 보안관(sheriff).
  75. ‘-등’ means ‘light’. Ex) 신호등(traffic light), 가로등(streetlight), 형광등(fluorescent light).
  76. ‘-용’ means ‘use/for use of’. Ex) 일회용(disposable), 아동용(for the use of children), 휴대용(portable).
  77. ‘-권’ means ‘document/ticket’. Ex) 복권(lottery), 탑승권(boarding pass), 입장권(admission ticket).
  78. ‘-당’ means ‘Party(as a political term)’. Ex) 민주당(the Democratic Party), 공화당(the Republican Party), 공산당(the Communist Party).
  79. ‘-광’ means ‘fan/maniac’, ex) 영화광(movie fan), 독서광(bookworm), 골프광(golf maniac).

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